Compared to pre-industrial times, heatwaves have become up to 10 times more likely to occur and 1-3 degrees warmer due to human intervention.
These heatwaves are not just restricted to temperate zones like Ireland and the UK. Europe has seen an early summer with scorching heat resulting in wildfires, deaths, and water shortages as people attempted to cool off. South East Asia has also come out of a deadly heatwave where temperatures rose up to 45 degrees only to be followed by monsoons which caused devastating destruction as dry earth was washed away in landslides, claiming people’s lives and homes. In addition to heat strokes and wildfires, there has also been an increase in the duration and severity of droughts across the world ranging from East Africa to California. Significant loss of human and plant life from wildfires, sunstroke, and drownings are only some of the repercussions of the changing environment. Extreme weather affects every area of life from structural failures (melting tarmac at airports, transport delays etc) to school closures and work disruptions. Findings from an attribution study by the UK Met Study show that the 2018 UK heatwave has been made thirty times more severe due to climate change. Four years on and researchers like Friederike Otto are of the opinion that in the case of heatwaves the role of human induced climate change is so unequivocal that there is no point in running the type of attribution studies needed in the past to confirm this. Compared to pre-industrial times, heatwaves have become up to 10 times more likely to occur and 1-3 degrees warmer due to human intervention. The costs associated with extreme weather events like heatwaves and heavy rainfall are not fully understood. As a result they are understudied and not taken as seriously as their more expensive counterparts like storms and tropical cyclones.
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Featured Photo by Benjamin Elliott on Unsplash
This article was supported by: STAND News & Comms Intern Penelope Norman.
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