Women and the Military: The unequal burden of war

Women and the Military: The unequal burden of war

OPINION + WOMEN
Women and the Military: The unequal burden of war
Women and the military representation
parisa
Aoife Burke
4th October 2020
In recent years, the relationship between women and the military has become topical in countries such as the UK. In 2018 all positions in the British Army became open to women for the first time, and since then the army has been using increasingly feminist rhetoric in their PR and recruitment campaigns. However, during the same period, government reports and individual testimonies have shed light on the level of discrimination, abuse, and sexual harassment experienced by women in the British armed forces. These issues have fuelled important discussions on the compatibility of feminism and the military – or lack thereof. These discussions have been largely focused on the experiences of female soldiers, questioning whether army service can be empowering to women on an individual level. However, the stories of female civilians (the group that has historically been most affected by war) have been consistently left out of the discourse. Women who have witnessed the reality of imperialist military intervention and shouldered the true cost of war should be at the forefront in discussions about gender and the army. Instead, both historically and in the present day, female civilians in conflict have had their voices spoken over and their stories twisted and misused, for the benefit of imperialist powers.

 

As we can see in the British Army’s current PR campaign, particularly in their podcast episode with Laura Whitmore, feminism is being appropriated in order to paint military service as empowering to women. Another, perhaps even more dangerous way in which feminism has been misused is in the portrayal of Western military interventions as liberatory to civilian women. Both of these narratives are used to expand the military reach and both erase the lived experiences of women who have suffered at the hands of militarism. The image of Western military powers as an emancipatory force for women has been promoted for over a century, yet ultimately could not be further from the truth.

 

Historically, Britain and other European powers have attacked the rights and undermined the autonomy of women in colonised countries. In the process of colonisation, the social, legal, and economic structures of patriarchy were often forced upon native societies. For instance, in pre-colonial Canada, indigenous society generally valued women, and indigenous women often held leadership and decision-making roles. Furthermore, because of strong kinship systems, women were not economically dependent on men. However, colonial settlers ignored the position of women in indigenous culture, refusing to engage with female spokespersons and enforcing the patriarchal norms that had been well-established in Europe by that time. The lasting impact of patriarchal colonialism can still be seen in Canada today, where indigenous women face the highest rates of violence, poverty, and poor health.

 

“The image of Western military powers as an emancipatory force for women has been promoted for over a century, yet ultimately could not be further from the truth.”

The colonisation of Africa also saw the European ideals of patriarchy imposed on native women. The arrival of cash crops and the exclusion of women from the marketplace meant that African women generally lost power and economic independence during the colonial period. Because colonial authorities relied on the testimony of men to establish customary laws, the legal systems that developed under colonialism disadvantaged women. Furthermore, the pre-colonial political activity of women was largely disregarded and colonial agents worked exclusively with men in establishing political offices. For instance, in many parts of West Africa, associations run by and for women had deciding authority in disputes related to markets and agriculture. However, because these institutions were completely disregarded by European colonisers, they tended to lose power after the late 19th century. Overall, Britain, alongside other imperialist powers, has a long history of reversing the rights and freedoms of civilian women in colonised countries.

 

Despite this reality, the subject of women’s rights was used to defend British imperialism. This phenomenon relied on the portrayal of women in the Global South as victims, who need to be saved from their own culture by “civilised” Westerners. This paternalistic and racist narrative has been used time and time again to justify devastating wars and exploitative invasions, particularly in Islamic countries. As scholar Leila Ahmed discusses in her book Women and Gender in Islam, the late 19th-century British coloniser Lord Cromer used the veiling of women in Islam as evidence of the inferiority of Islamic civilisations, and ultimately as justification for the colonisation of Egypt. Lord Cromer actively opposed women’s suffrage in Britain and hindered the progression of women’s liberation in Egypt – yet none of this stopped him from using women’s rights as a pretext for his colonial endeavours. Disturbingly, a similar pattern is still playing out in the 21st century.

 

Since the early 2000s, Britain and the United States have used “feminist” rhetoric to help justify imperialist military invasions in the Middle East. In 2001, George Bush pushed the idea that war in Afghanistan would free “women of cover ” – reverting to the same patronizing portrayal of Muslim women that was used to defend British colonialism over a century prior. Concerningly, women were also complicit in promoting this storyline, with both Laura Bush and Cherie Blair being wheeled out to speak on the plight of Afghan women in the lead up to war – as though Western military invasions and bombing raids would somehow help liberate them. Yet in 2011, ten years into the war, Afghanistan was named the “most dangerous place in the world to be a woman”, with ongoing conflict and NATO airstrikes among the primary reasons cited. In a similar fashion, the narrative of rescuing women was used to legitimise the Iraq war. Bush repeatedly made vague, non-committal statements about women’s rights in the lead-up to the invasion. “Respect for women can … triumph in the Middle East and beyond”, he said in a speech to the UN in 2002 in which he urged action on Iraq. While Iraqi women were granted some benefits on paper during the war period, in reality, they were disproportionately harmed by conflict and left with less security and economic autonomy than before. The vast suffering of female civilians at the hands of British and U.S. military action highlights the utter emptiness of feminist language in this context.

 

George W. Bush gives a speech on war in the Middle East, focusing on the rights of women (videocafeblog, 2008)
The trend of world leaders appropriating feminism to sell militarism ultimately contributes to public ignorance about what war really means for women. According to the United Nations, war and conflict exacerbate pre-existing gender inequalities and leave women at a heightened risk of human rights violations. During conflict, women and girls are increasingly targeted through the use of sexual violence, including as a tactic of war. In late 2019, the British government and army were accused of covering up war crimes in Iraq and Afghanistan, including sexual abuse. As well as a serious increase in the risk of gender-based violence, women are also disproportionately impacted by unstable access to essential services. Access to healthcare, including sexual and reproductive healthcare, can often be disrupted during conflict, leaving women and girls at risk of unplanned pregnancy, maternal mortality and STI’s. Furthermore, due to additional domestic responsibilities and fear of targeted attacks, girls’ right to education is disproportionately threatened during war. Continued instability in post-conflict periods means that the threats posed to women’s rights can last long after war officially ends. These issues, and the immense suffering they cause, are too often swept under the rug in discussions about gender and the military.

 

In conclusion, despite the empty words of political leaders and the vague sentiments of military PR campaigns, war poses a threat to women’s rights throughout the world. The suffering of civilians has always been inherent in the military action of countries such as Britain and the U.S., and women have shouldered the brunt of this injustice. The use of feminist rhetoric in a pro-war context is not only hypocritical but serves to erase the experiences of civilian women in war, including those who have lost their lives.

 

Stay tuned for episode 3 of this series which will explore whether or not gender representation in the military actually promotes equality.

 

 

 

Featured photo by USA Today

 

The misogynistic reality of media interviews

The misogynistic reality of media interviews

The misogynic reality of media interviews

camera set up for interview
Emily Murphy

17th May 2021

 
 

From being asked about underwear and sexual relationships, to breasts, cosmetics and diet, it seems that being subjected to inappropriate questions is a standard procedure for women in the public eye. From the hills of Hollywood to the chambers of Parliament, misogyny rears its ugly head in the form of a media who incessantly seem to value the achievements of women based upon their physical appearance, their relationship status and their ability to balance family and professional life. 

 

For years, these professional, uninformed and outright sexist questions and remarks directed towards predominantly female interviewees were seen as the norm. All anyone has to do is watch the recent Britney Spears documentary Framing Britney Spears to get a grasp of the issue at hand. There were many shocking revelations made in the documentary with regards to the blatant misogyny Britney, and many other young female celebrities were, and still are, subjected to. Arguably the most disturbing moment was an interview clip with Dutch television personality Ivo Niehe and a then 17-year-old Britney Spears. During the interview, Spears was asked by Niehe to discuss her breasts because, as he informed the young teen, her breasts are something that “everyone is talking about”. Sexualised and objectified by a 52-year-old man, Spears’ monumental achievements and successes were diminished in that moment in favour of a wildly inappropriate conversation about her physical features.

 

In the wake of the Britney Spears documentary, interviews with various talk show hosts have resurfaced, demonstrating that sexism and double-standards during interviews is not an experience unique to Spears, nor is it limited to the early nineties. Several clips from David Letterman’s show The Late Show went viral and sparked fury amongst viewers. Perhaps most shocking was an interview Letterman had with Lindsay Lohan in 2013. Throughout the interview, Letterman made several attempts to pry into Lohan’s personal life, persistently prodding her about her journey with rehab and her “wild lifestyle”. Despite Lohan’s clear discomfort, Letterman continues to encroach upon intimate details of the actors’ life. While she remains calm and the two keep things relatively light-hearted, it is clear that by the end of the interview the relentless intrusion brings Lohan close to tears. But hey, all in the name of good TV, right?

 

The most alarming aspect of these interviews is that at the time, Letterman, and so many others who have done the same, escaped any form of accountability for their actions. He was not publicly criticised for his behaviour or glaring sexist comments and assumptions.

 

 

“Instead, Letterman was commended for his journalistic skills and for getting the “inside scoop” on Lohan’s personal life. No repercussions. No consequences. Just praise at the expense of a woman’s comfort.”

 
 

Scarlett Johansson is someone who has been at the receiving end of sexist interview questions time and time again, as she gets asked routinely about her attire, diet and makeup tips. In a press interview for an Avengers movie, Johansson’s co-star Robert Downey Jnr. is seen being asked a deep and thought-provoking question about his character’s development over the course of several movies and then, almost comically, Scarlett is asked immediately afterwards how she “got in shape” for her role. Most shocking perhaps is when Johansson was asked whether she wore underwear under her Black Widow costume for the Avengers movies. The same interviewer also made uncomfortable comments towards Anne Hathaway about how “form-fitting” her costume was for her role in Batman: The Dark Knight Rises. The unsettling patterns of these interviews date back to as early as 1975 when Helen Mirren was asked if her “physical attributes” hinder her in her “pursuit of being a successful actress,” as interviewer Michael Parkinson states that having large breasts may “detract” from her performance. While today it is rare to directly hear comments like these thrown around, the truth of the matter is that these remarks have simply evolved to suit the times. As previously demonstrated, they may not be as explicit, but the thinking behind them reminds largely the same.   

 

Breaking away from the bubble of Hollywood, it seems that even the political realm could not escape sexism’s suffocating grasp. New Zealand’s Prime Minister, Jacinda Ardern, has shown exceptional leadership since coming into office in 2017, in handling New Zealand’s deadliest terrorist attack which took the lives of 51 people, navigating a lethal volcanic eruption, dealing decisively with the COVID-19 pandemic, all while securing a landslide victory to guarantee her a longer term in office. Yet, it appears that gender-fuelled interview questions show no mercy, not even to New Zealand’s youngest ever prime minister. Only seven hours into her job, Ardern appeared on TV show The Project and was asked by interviewer Jesse Mulligans about her plans to have children. Less than a day later, the Prime Minister appeared on a different talk show where host Mark Richardson stated that the country has a right to know Ardern’s plans for having a family and taking maternity leave. 

 

“In the space of twentyfour hours, despite her success and historical achievement, Jacinda Ardern was reminded by two men that according to society’s standards, she was first and foremost a baby-maker and that her bodily autonomy was up for grabs.”

To some, the nature of these questions on the surface level may seem harmless – some throwaway remarks that do not run much deeper than a ‘bit of fun’. But this is a pitiful excuse used to cower under the glass ceiling of systemic sexism. The nature of the questions posed in these interviews perpetuate archaic, harmful attitudes towards women while simultaneously informing wider society that it is normal to objectify, sexualise and belittle women and their work in this way. Behind these questions are misogynistic assumptions of women’s roles in society and the hierarchy of their values. They reinforce the damaging idea that women should look a certain way or be a certain size, that they owe it to the public to discuss their private and personal matters. That somehow, they are public property.  

 

Female celebrities and politicians are not puppets that can be strung along by the mainstream media to perform in order to appease their viewership with superficial promises of scandal, gossip and personal life divulgence. They are real women, real people who are hard-working, committed and successful in what they do. The least they deserve is to be treated with human decency and acknowledged for their achievements. The fact that it took Britney Spears’ documentary being released to finally shed some well-needed light on the subject proves how deeply ingrained harmful gender assumptions and stereotypes are in society’s subconscious. While we may have succeeded in cracking the protective shell of these gender norms, we still need to learn how to shatter it.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

Featured photo by Levi Meir Clancy on Unsplash

This article was supported by: STAND Humanitarian Editor Amyrose + Programme Assistant Rachel

 

 

Activists protest proposed ban on Nepali women travelling abroad

Activists protest proposed ban on Nepali women travelling abroad

WOMEN

Activists protest proposed ban on Nepali women travelling abroad 

view from a plane window
Aoife McDonald

4th May 2021

 

A proposed law in Nepal banning women from travelling abroad without a permission letter from their families and government wards has caused uproar. It contradicts the rights to freedom of movement and asylum under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, of which Nepal is a signatory. It was introduced by the Department of Immigration in February of this year and aims to prevent women being trafficked, while making it easier for governments to contact citizens in trouble overseasAccording to a 2018 UNODC report, 35,000 Nepalese people were victims of human trafficking that year, including 15,000 women and 5,000 girls. 

 

Activists have pointed out that it is not only women who are trafficked, and policymakers should consider both women and men in any proposed legal changes. Hima Bista, executive director at Women Lead Nepal, told protesters that the thinking behind the proposed law is “extremely dangerous and demonstrates how deep-rooted the patriarchal mindset is. Patriarchal attitudes have had a long tradition of restricting the autonomy of women in Nepal. In 1988, during the reign of the monarchy, the Foreign Employment Act was amended, requiring women to obtain permission from a guardian (usually a parent, husband or brother) as well as the Nepali government.  

 

The country later adopted a more progressive stance following the downfall of the monarchy. In 2007, the Foreign Employment Act stated that “No gender discrimination shall be made while sending workers for foreign employment”. The latest development, however, demonstrates the persistence of traditional patriarchal views within the state apparatus. In 2017, the Nepali government issued an order banning Nepali citizens from travelling to the Gulf for jobs as domestic workers.  

 

“Gulf countries employ migrant domestic workers under the “Kafala” system, by which their mobility is controlled by their employer. This means that employers hold the passports of migrant workers and have legal control over their ability to change employment or leave the country.”

Although the Kafala system is problematic, feminist activists criticize the 2017 ban as compounding the issues faced by Nepali migrant women. Again, the ban was to protect citizens from being trafficked. In reality, instead of protecting women from exploitation, the ban discriminates against women as the main cohort seeking domestic work, and even places them in danger. 

 

The Gulf countries remain a favourite destination of Nepali women, as salaries for domestic workers far outstrip those in Nepal. Due to the 2017 legislation, women choose to travel through neighbouring countries, such as India, with which Nepal shares an open border, before travelling on to the Middle East. This leaves women undocumented, and more vulnerable to trafficking and exploitation. Activists refute the claim that further restrictions on women’s freedom of movement will prevent the exploitation and abuse of women. The average salary of women in Nepal is only $5,497 per annum, meaning that many will choose to emigrate without documentation. The most recent proposals restricting women consolidates this fear. 

 

The recent proposals have been shrouded in confusion regarding the actual content of the proposed changes to legislation. Teknarayan Paudel, director of the Department of Immigration, insisted in an interview with The Republic, that every female under 40 would have to obtain the letter of permission. The stance of the Department of Immigration, however, is that the requirement would only apply to women travelling alone for the first time to countries in the Middle East and AfricaDespite this contradiction, it appears as though the intention was to impose a blanket ban on all countriesThe limited ban seems to have been a revaluation of the original intention in response to the backlash. The department clarified that the law only applied to “vulnerable” women and has not yet been finalised. 

 

 

 

 

 

Featured photo by Eva Darron on Unsplash

 

 

How can we support the women who make our clothes?

How can we support the women who make our clothes?

WOMEN

How can we support the women who make our clothes?

garment workers
Rachael Kenny

27th April 2021

 

 

Fast fashion has emerged as the dominant business model in the global apparel industry and has completely changed how this sector operates. The constant need for new clothes and the next ‘big trend’ in fashion has resulted in massive volumes of clothing being produced and sold at prices that appear too good to be true. Unfortunately, these prices are in fact usually too good to be true as someone, somewhere along the supply chain is paying the true cost. So how is it possible for fast fashion brands to sell clothes at very low prices and still ensure a fair wage for garment workers? The answer: It usually isn’t. 

 

Approximately 80% of garment workers worldwide are women who often do not earn a living wage and therefore struggle to cover their basic needs such as food, rent, education and healthcare. Garment workers can be subjected to poor or unsafe working conditions and they do not always receive access to the employment rights and protections that they should be entitled to. The lack of rights for garment workers has been a major issue in the fashion industry for many years, but the Coronavirus crisis has illuminated the dire need for a rapid change in how garment workers are treated. 

 

The onset of the Coronavirus pandemic left many people feeling uncertain and apprehensive about the future. Garment workers were no exception. Many large retailers, including Primark, Edinburgh Woollen Mill, and Matalan, cancelled billions of dollars’ worth of orders, including orders already in production and orders that were fully completed. According to the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association (BGMEA), the onset of these cancellations presented disastrous scenarios for the garment industry, with one million garment workers in Bangladesh losing their jobs or being laid-off without pay.

 

“The Workers’ Rights Consortium (WRC) and Penn State University conducted a survey of almost 300 Bangladeshi garment suppliers in March 2020, which found that an astonishing 97% of garment suppliers had not been given any financial assistance to cover severance costs or the cost of furloughing their workers, by any brand.”

Aruna Kashyap, who is a senior researcher with Human Rights Watch, told The Guardian at the time, ‘‘The brands are trying to minimise their losses but the impact on the ground in Bangladesh has already been catastrophic and will spell disaster for millions of families.’’ 

 

So, what can we as consumers do to support garment workers and hold corporations accountable for such unethical production practices? Non-profit organisation Remake decided something had to be done to advocate for garment workers who were left jobless and unpaid for work already completed. This ultimately led to the creation of #PayUp social media campaign, which aimed to call out brands who refused to pay for their cancelled orders. Taking social media by storm, the #PayUp campaign’s global petition has garnered over 270,000 signatures, calling on big brands to essentially pay up what they owe. This petition had a massive impact over the past year with various retailers including Nike, H&M, Gap Inc., and Primark agreeing to provide garment workers with the payments they rightfully deserve. This campaign highlights the power of people coming together to stand-up for change. Without the pressure of social media activism, it is likely that many companies would never have agreed to honour their financial commitments to the garment industry. It’s an ongoing process and while, as of March 2021, the #PayUp campaign has unlocked $22 billion dollars globally which impacted 70 million garment workers, there are still many large brands who are yet to pay for cancelled orders.  

 

Paying the garment industry what is owed is a basic responsibility. During the pandemic, garment worker wages have dropped by 21% according to WRC’s Hunger in the Apparel Supply Chain November 2020 report. The growing inequalities are strikingly clear as many brands continue to generate huge profits, while garment workers are increasingly struggling to put meals on the table for their families. Researching information, generating awareness, signing petitions, and encouraging others to take a stand is where we can start to support the women who make our clothes. The only way forward is holding businesses fully accountable for their actions and insisting on fair working conditions and pay for garment workers all around the world. We can’t ignore this clear violation of human rights any longer.  

 

 

 

 

 

Featured photo by Rio Lecatompessy on Unsplash

 

 

The de-stigmatisation of women’s bodies in 2021: are we there yet?

The de-stigmatisation of women’s bodies in 2021: are we there yet?

WOMEN

 The de-stigmatisation of women’s bodies in 2021: are we there yet?

three hands holding each other
Megan Carey

26th April 2021

 

 

This two-part article series will highlight the strides that have been made and the strides still to be made for all women to feel comfortable, respected and valued in their bodies. This first piece will tackle period poverty, shame and education gaps concerning menstruation. 

 

The fight to de-stigmatise women’s bodies is enduring and it is imperative that we make meaningful progress in 2021. One key area is the stigma attached to women’s physical and sexual health. Plan International is an organisation which has done much to highlight the core issues related to period poverty in Ireland and abroad. Plan’s Youth Advisory Panel (YAP) has termed three core issues: education, stigmatisation and access, as the ‘Toxic Trio’ of period poverty. Plan International’s ‘We Need To Talk. Period.’ campaign, investigates issues most prevalent in Ireland and the developing countries in which they work to destigmatise periods and lobby for practical change. According to senator Lorraine Cliddord-Lee in her recent address to the Seanad:Period poverty refers to an inadequate access to period products, washing, waste management facilities and education.

 

 

“When highlighting the importance of the conversation around menstruation, it is vital that we include trans men and non-binary people. For too long their voices, concerns and ideas of menstruation have gone unheard, to their detriment.”

A Vogue piece from June 2020 titled, ‘We must include trans men and non-binary people when we talk about periods—here’s why’ highlights the issues for masculine presenting and non-binary people, especially in terms of language and accessibility around menstruation being exclusively feminine. Period products sold and advertised as ‘feminine hygiene products’ often make for an uncomfortable experience for those masculine-presenting people to access period products. The issue of public accessibility is also deeply problematic. Kai Wes, a masculine non-binary activist gave the example of public male bathrooms where period products are generally not available and there may only be one or no private cubicles. Wes said in Vogue “I’ve definitely kept a tampon in way too long and risked toxic shock, people die from that.”   

  

It is crucial that all genders have an early understanding of menstruation, and this is one element of Plan’s strategy to combat the ‘Toxic Trio’. Plan has lobbied for the early menstrual education of both girls and boys, not only the physical but also the emotional, social and practical aspects of periods.” Plan Ireland carried out a survey with 1100 girls aged 12 to 19+, and found that 43% of girls felt they didn’t know what to do when their period started.” Plan Ireland and Homeless Period Ireland are lobbying for more all-encompassing education. It is important to educate young people that there are products other than tampons and pads which may suit their individual needs better, for example, menstrual cups. Period education should also encompass awareness of period absence, and teach that there are conditions related to menstruation, including endometriosis and polycystic ovarian syndrome. These are conditions that are common in women and are much easier to live with when those affected have an early understanding of them.  

 

“The education of young boys undoubtedly helps the de-stigmatisation of periods. Boys are far more likely to be a source of support for those who are menstruating when they fully understand the concept.”

Stigma and shame around menstruation is another element of the ‘Toxic Trio’. Menstruation should not be treated as a taboo subject. Genders should not be segregated during sex education classes and menstruation certainly should not be censored or omitted from boys’ education. The cause of so much shame is the mystery and misunderstanding of periods, leading to taunting and disgust of female anatomy. Many girls have missed days of school, stopped playing sports or missed practises due to the stigma and lack of access to period products. In Senator O’Loughlin’s address to the Seanad, she stated that 61% of Irish girls have missed school because of their period.” 

 

The other component the ‘Toxic Trio’ is the cost and access to clean safe period products. Plan International is one NGO lobbying the government for a range of period products to be available in public settings. Period poverty is an ongoing problem in Ireland, with Plan Ireland’s survey showing that 50% of girls experienced issues around affordability of sanitary products.  

 

Over the course of the last two years, Ireland has been in the midst of legislative change to create awareness of this stigma and to make a range of safe period products accessible to all who require them. In 2019 the National Strategy for Women and Girls established a sub committee on period poverty which made a number of recommendations, including that all governmentally funded educational facilities including primary, secondary, and third level have free accessible period products. Just last week Lidl launched their free period product initiative in partnership with Homeless Period Ireland and The Simon Communtities of Ireland. Lidl is set to become the first major retailer in the world to offer free period products in stores nationwide to women and girls aftected my period poverty. 

 

Two bills providing for greater accessibility to period products are currently under scrutiny in the Seanad, a narrower bill introduced by Fianna Fáil and a broader bill introduced by Senator Rebecca Moynihan from the Labour. These new bills recognise that some of the most marginalised and at-risk groups from period poverty need to be financially supported for their health and well-being especially during the ongoing pandemic. These groups include the homeless population, those in domestic abuse situations, one parent families and those in Traveller and Roma communities. In a piece in The Irish Independent, Claire Hunt of Homeless Period Ireland implores No person (…) should have to choose between buying food or period products…women should not have to resort to using cut-up fabric or toilet tissue. Period products should be as freely available as toilet paper. 

 

“This issue of financing is by no means an Irish issue exclusively. In parts of the world, including certain US States, period products are still taxed as luxury, non-essential items.”

It was not so long ago, in 2018 that the EU made the progressive move to abolish the 5% tax rate that had previously been on sanitary products. This was received with alacrity by activists in Europe. This was a big step in creating society-wide awareness of the essential nature of period products, particularly to those who do not menstruate. There are many strides to be made in alliviating the burdens and obstacles experienced by those who menstruate. Legislation needs to be expedited. Some period products other than tampons and pads are still taxed at a higher tax rate, including menstrual cups currently taxed at 13.5 % VAT. There is so much shame and stigma around periods that detrimentally affect the lives of those who menstruate. According to Plan research 61% of girls are too embarrassed to talk about their period”. 

 

There is both a societal and governmental responsibility to change attitudes and end stigma surrounding menstruation. Both need to recognise the essential nature of education and accessibility around periods and period products. Crucially, governments must prioritise hygienehealth and dignity by unburdening those who are struggling with the realities of menstruating.

 

 
 

 

 

 

Featured created using Canva

 

 

Meghan Markle VS the British media

Meghan Markle VS the British media

WOMEN

Meghan Markle VS the British media

Union Jack bunting
Orla Patton

16th April 2021

From the beginning of her relationship with Harry the Duke of Sussex, actress Meghan Markle has been under scrutiny from the British press. The representation of a biracial woman in the British Monarchy could have been revolutionary for a country that stands on a history of colonialism. It could have been a step forward towards increased inclusion and diversity. Instead, Meghan and Harry’s marriage has simply revealed the racist and discriminatory undertones of the British media and the Monarchy.  

 

The Suits actress came to the British media’s attention in 2016 when she began dating Prince Harry. Immediately, she was compared to her soon to be sister-in-law, Kate Middleton. While Kate was fawned over by the press, Meghan was attacked for how she held her baby bump to her choice of breakfast foodHeld to a different standard than William and Kate, the bullying was becoming unbearable. In late 2016, Prince Harry released a statement condemning the “waves of abuse and harassment” that included “racial undertones” from the press and “outright sexism and racism from social media trolls”. 

 

The bullying continued throughout Meghan’s first pregnancy with her son Archie. Conspiracy theorists believed thDuchess was faking her pregnancy. BBC broadcaster, Danny Baker, received backlash after tweeting a picture of a couple holding hands with a chimpanzee dressed in clothes with the caption: “Royal Baby leaves hospital”. The blatantly racist comment led to his departure from the BBC, and a half-hearted apology, claiming the picture likening the baby to a monkey was just a “stupid gag”This display of bigotry only emphasised the growing understanding that Meghan was coming under racist attacks.  

 

Shortly after the birth of their first child, the Duke and Duchess revealed their untimely departure from their senior roles in the Monarchy. In their recent interview with Oprah, viewers were shocked to find out the reasoning behind their retreat from royal duties. 

 

“The Duchess told Oprah: ‘In those months when I was pregnant, all around this same time, we have in tandem the conversation of he won’t be given security, he’s not going to be given a title, and also concerns and conversations about how dark his skin might be when he’s born’.”

Harry made emotional reference to his late mother, Diana, by saying he “didn’t want history to repeat itself”.  

 

Meghan’s experience of discrimination at the hands of the British Monarchy was palpable to the viewers. The xenophobic and racist undertones which define British media were proven to be true. Despite being a mother, an actress and even a duchess, Meghan still experiences racismThe insight into her private life addressed her struggle with mental health. This was quickly invalidated by TV personality, Piers Morgan, whose outspoken critiques of Markle eventually led to him stepping down from his role on the morning talk show Good Morning Britain. The denial of overt instances of racism and its consequences only further normalises its everyday instances. 

 

The racism and sexism that Meghan Markle experienced has highlighted the burden that black women face in all walks of life. Despite this, the interview has provoked waves of support and allyship. Beyoncé shared a picture with Meghan and Harry using the caption “Thank you Meghan for your courage and leadership. We are all strengthened and inspired by you.” 

 

 

 

 

 

Featured photo by Hello I’m Nik on Unsplash